Environmental factors : Abuse, mental stress , a "significant loss," or some other traumatic event may contribute to or trigger bipolar disorder. One possibility is that some people with a genetic predisposition for bipolar disorder may not have noticeable symptoms until an environmental factor triggers a severe mood swing. Article last updated by Tim Newman on Thu 7 December Visit our Bipolar category page for the latest news on this subject, or sign up to our newsletter to receive the latest updates on Bipolar. All references are available in the References tab.
About bipolar disorder. Angst, J. Bipolar disorders in DSM-5 — strengths, problems and perspectives. International Journal of Bipolar Disorders 1, Bipolar disorder. Burton, N. Bipolar disorder and creativity. Parekh, R.
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What are bipolar disorders? Recognizing the signs of bipolar disorder. MLA Newman, Tim. MediLexicon, Intl. APA Newman, T. MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional.
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You have chosen to share the following article: How elderberries can help you fight the flu To proceed, simply complete the form below, and a link to the article will be sent by email on your behalf. Send securely. Message sent successfully The details of this article have been emailed on your behalf. By Tim Newman. Reviewed by Timothy J. Table of contents What is bipolar disorder? Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Causes. Fast facts on bipolar disorder Here are some key points about bipolar disorder.
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More detail is in the main article. Bipolar disorder is a serious condition that involves severe abnormalities in mood. The person experiences alternating bouts of mania or hypomania and depression, which may involve psychosis.
Episodes may last several weeks or months, with periods of stability in between. It can be managed with medication, but it may take some time to find the right dose and combination. Bipolar disorder involves many mixed emotions.
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The exact cause of bipolar disorder is unknown. However, research suggests that there is no single cause. Instead, a combination of factors may contribute to bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder often runs in families, and research suggests that this is mostly explained by heredity—people with certain genes are more likely to develop bipolar disorder than others. Many genes are involved, and no one gene can cause the disorder.
But genes are not the only factor. Some studies of identical twins have found that even when one twin develops bipolar disorder, the other twin may not. Although people with a parent or sibling with bipolar disorder are more likely to develop the disorder themselves, most people with a family history of bipolar disorder will not develop the illness. Researchers are learning that the brain structure and function of people with bipolar disorder may be different from the brain structure and function of people who do not have bipolar disorder or other psychiatric disorders.
Learning about the nature of these brain changes helps doctors better understand bipolar disorder and may in the future help predict which types of treatment will work best for a person with bipolar disorder. At this time, diagnosis is based on symptoms rather than brain imaging or other diagnostic tests. A psychiatrist or other mental health professional diagnoses bipolar disorder based on the symptoms, lifetime course, and experiences of the individual. Some people have bipolar disorder for years before it is diagnosed. This may be because:.
Treatment helps many people, even those with the most severe forms of bipolar disorder. Doctors treat bipolar disorder with medications, psychotherapy, or a combination of treatments. Certain medications can help control the symptoms of bipolar disorder. Some people may need to try several different medications and work with their doctor before finding the ones that work best.
The most common types of medications that doctors prescribe include mood stabilizers and atypical antipsychotics. Mood stabilizers such as lithium can help prevent mood episodes or reduce their severity when they occur. Lithium also decreases the risk for suicide. Additional medications that target sleep or anxiety are sometimes added to mood stabilizers as part of a treatment plan. Talk with your doctor or a pharmacist to understand the risks and benefits of each medication. Report any concerns about side effects to your doctor right away.
Avoid stopping medication without talking to your doctor first. Psychotherapy can offer support, education, skills, and strategies to people with bipolar disorder and their families.
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Psychotherapy often is used in combination with medications; some types of psychotherapy e. Not much research has been conducted on herbal or natural supplements and how they may affect bipolar disorder. Talk to your doctor before taking any supplement. Certain medications and supplements taken together can cause serious side effects or life-threatening drug reactions. However, there are tools and resources available that may help you find a provider or treatment. You can also:. Sandro Salsa, Federico M. You can have a host paper and look your clothes. Whether you are registered the URL or always, if you Are your difficult and individual experiences not distributions will have proper rumors that have right for them.
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